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Elements of a Feed are the Feed itself and Entries

RSS Limitations

  • Spec is loose
  • What fields can be escaped HTML?
  • How many enclosures are allowed per item?
  • Content model is weak
  • No support for summary and content
  • Content-type and escaping not specified
  • Specification is final and cannot be clarified


Atom Publishing Format An XML feed format; feed contains entries Entries are:

  • Time-stamped, uniquely ID’ed chunks of data
  • With meta-data: title, dates, categories
  • Entry content can be:
  • TEXT, HTML, XHTML or any content-type
  • In-line or out-of-line specified by URI
  • Entry Binary data w/Base64 encoding Feed
  • Id Title Title It’s generic, not just for blog

Dublin Core

Dublin core specified 15 attributes common to RDF documents including

  • title, creator, subject, description, publisher, contributor ..


  • Rome - dom based implementaiton
  • Apache Abdera - stax based Atom implementation

Rome Implementation

Rome's unified implementation can generate Atom or RSS

Feed Model

Fetching a Feed With ROME Fetcher, Note: ROME’s Fetcher provides a caching feed-store

 FeedFetcherCache cache = new DiskFeedInfoCache(quot;/var/rome-fetcher/cachequot;); 
 FeedFetcher fetcher = new HttpURLFeedFetcher(cache); 
 SyndFeed feed = fetcher.retrieveFeed( new URL(quot;http://bugtracker/feeds/bugreportquot;)); 
 Iterator entries = feed.getEntries().iterator(); 
 while (entries.hasNext()) { 
    SyndEntry entry = (SyndEntry); // ... omitted: print out entry ... 

Rome Generating Atom

	public String process(@Payload String payload) {
		try {
			String feedType = "atom_1.0";
			SyndFeed syndFeed = new SyndFeedImpl();
			syndFeed.setTitle("Latest bugs");
			syndFeed.setPublishedDate(new Date());
			syndFeed.setFeedType(feedType);          // mandatory
			SyndLink selfLink = new SyndLinkImpl();
			List entries = new ArrayList();
			// create 20 fake entries
			for (int i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
				SyndEntry entry = new SyndEntryImpl();
				entry.setTitle("Title " + i);
				entry.setUpdatedDate(new Date());
				entry.setLink("" + i);
				SyndContent content = new SyndContentImpl();
				content.setValue("contet " + i);
			Writer writer = new StringWriter();
			SyndFeedOutput output = new SyndFeedOutput();
			output.output(syndFeed, writer);
			return writer.toString();
		} catch (Exception e) {
			return "";

Advanced (Todo) try and use an OutputStream .. to stream results? Where mule supports streaming to File, FTP, HTTP (and HTTPS), Jetty and Jetty SSL

Wirefeed Output

Using Rome one can convert from the format-independent SyndFeed interface to a specific wirefeed “type” These type strings are supported by default in ROME:

  • rss_0.9, rss_0.91N, rss_0.91U, rss_0.92, rss_0.93, rss_0.94, rss_1.0, rss_2.0, atom_0.3, atom_1.0

Note: Set Content Type

Set the generated content type

  • application/rss+xml
  • application/atom+xml

Feed Auto Discovery

Use html tags to indicate that the page/site has an associated rss feed:

      <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html” /> 
         <link rel="alternate" type="application/atom+xml" title="Latest bugs (Atom)" href="http://bugtracker/feeds/bugreport" /> 
         <link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="Latest bugs (RSS)" 
            href="http://bugtracker/feeds/bugreport?format=rss" />


  • Google Data using Atom Publishing Protocol
  • Lucene—WS using Atom Publishing Protocol
rome.txt · Last modified: 2013/09/01 11:18 by root
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